A little goes a long way with LorAnn's Super Strength Flavours. These flavours are 3 to 4 times stronger than supermarket extracts. When substituting the flavours for extracts, use 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon for 1 teaspoon of extract. 1 dram = 1 teaspoon (approx.) LorAnn's super strength flavouring oils are highly concentrated flavours. These flavours do not contain vegetable oil. Because our flavours are concentrated, they are able to hold up better when exposed to heat. Use these concentrated flavours for: Hard candy Chocolate Candies, candy centers, fondants, frostings, fudges Cakes, cookies, brownies Ice cream Sweet breads Contains: propylene glycol, artificial flavour, Alcohol. Soluble in water. Gluten free Sugar free Contains no vegetable oils Kosher Certified Each bottle contains 1 dram (approximately 3.7ml).